Thanks to the caffeine contained in coffee it has stimulating and refreshing effect. We drink it to get a jolt of energy or just for pleasure. Oftentimes a cup of coffee helped us to overcome a fatigue. But, does the instant coffee have the ability to stimulate the body like brewed coffee?
Instant coffee became popular in the world around the 1950s. It was thanks to the fact that it can be very quickly and easily prepared that it gained so much popularity. You just need to pour hot water, possibly add milk – and it is done. What’s more, you do not have to bother with the grounds floating in the cup. In addition, manufacturers of this product constantly come up with new variation of instant coffee beverages such as “2 in 1” or “3 in 1”.
To create instant coffee you need, of course, a real coffee. Whole beans are roasted, ground and brewed. Then all the water is removed from the brewed product, leaving behind dehydrated crystals of coffee. There are two methods to remove water from the brew. Those are: spray drying and freeze drying. Spray drying is achieved by spraying liquid coffee concentrate as a fine mist into very hot, dry air (about 480 degrees F). When the coffee hits the ground, the water has been evaporated and it has dried into small, round crystals.
Freeze drying coffee involves a few steps. First, the coffee is cooked down into an extract. The coffee extract is chilled at about 20 degrees F into a coffee slushie. The coffee slushie is then further chilled on a belt, drum or tray to -40 degrees F until it forms slabs of coffee ice. The coffee ice is broken into granules. They’re then sent to a drying vacuum, where the ice vaporizes and leaves behind instant coffee granules.
Most manufacturers, in this process, add artificial coloring agents, stabilizers, sweeteners, emulsifiers, thickeners, hydrogenated vegetable oils and glucose-fructose syrups to their products; which means that they not only spoil the aroma of coffee but they can cause some gastrointestinal problems as well.
Instant coffee can contain an ochratoxin that is produced by mold. In some regions of the world like European Union its quantity is regulated by law. EU allows up to 10 milligrams of ochratoxin per kilogram of coffee. It has been demonstrated that higher doses of that toxin increase the risk of developing cancer.
An acrylamide, which also can be found in instant coffee, is carcinogenic as well. It’s produced by carbohydrates subjected to very high temperatures. Studies have shown that acrylamide is conducive to the development of tumors, especially in thyroid, testes and adrenal glands. It has also been found that acrylamide damages nerve cells, which can lead to hyperesthesia.
Natural brewed coffee is an excellent source of caffeine and antioxidants that help fight the free radicals. Unfortunately, these properties can not be found in the instant coffee.
Very often the entire package of soluble coffee does not contain more than 20% of the real coffee. It is assumed that a cup of brewed coffee contains about 120 mg of caffeine and a soluble approx. 65 mg. Therefore, if we drink coffee to wake ourselves up it is better to take the brewed one.
Also, when buying soluble coffee, it is important to expect that it’s made from beans of inferior quality than traditional coffee. While manufacturers will assure you in their advertisements of its noble origin, it’s better to keep in mind that the whole industry is about to minimize costs, so it is hard to believe that the highest quality beans are bought to produce instant coffees, as consumers do not have the chance to test it in the final product. And the quality of the beans has the influence on the taste and aroma of coffee. For instant coffee, this aroma is a bit different because the beans are more finely ground. What causes their specific flavor and taste to be flat? This is because instant beverages must go through many more processes, including brewing at the early stage of production.
According to nutritionists only freshly ground beans are a guarantee that coffee will retain its natural flavor and aroma. That’s why it is not worth looking for alternatives in processed products. Most often, they have no nutritional value, and are just a source of empty calories. Drinking instant coffee is like adding chemicals to your system. It can easily be avoided by choosing ground coffee instead.
The good quality of the beans gives it a beautiful aroma and a deep flavor, not to mention the health aspects of such a drink. This kind of seed is obtained only from organic farming. An example of such coffee is Superb Antioxidant Coffee from Living Good Coffee. Such coffee has a palette richer than wine, more than a thousand flavors have been found there, and its whole process starting from planting grains to the grain harvest is natural and ecologically clean.